Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework.
After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do
this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one
behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it.
Can you work out the missing numbers?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the
lengths of the sides which have question marks?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go.
Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Find another number that is one short of a square number and when
you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.