Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?