Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?