Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways
of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
What is the least square number which commences with six two's?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number
system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a
look at the multiplications table.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each