Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?