The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?