Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of
plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in
each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers
on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the
number line first?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a
product consisting entirely of ones.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Unmultiply is a game of quick estimation. You need to find two numbers that multiply together to something close to the given target - fast! 10 levels with a high scores table.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.