A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.