Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number
system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a
look at the multiplications table.
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to
ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the
latest developments and questions.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...