This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain
which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order
to work out the missing headers?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product
of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers
should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I
type. . . .
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.