This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it
doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?