This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to
ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the
latest developments and questions.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go.
Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which
route will give the fastest journey?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone
numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a
sequence adding 2 each time?
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one
behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it.
Can you work out the missing numbers?
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
How will you decide which way of flipping over and/or turning the grid will give you the highest total?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?