Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.