Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to
ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the
latest developments and questions.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it
doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one
behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it.
Can you work out the missing numbers?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which
route will give the fastest journey?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.