Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?