This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?