In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways
of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the
same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the
Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.