Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?