Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to
ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the
latest developments and questions.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him
next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways
of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...