Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the
same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was
Annie's secret number?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which
route will give the fastest journey?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers
on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the
number line first?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one
behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it.
Can you work out the missing numbers?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these