Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework.
After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do
this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go.
Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to
ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the
latest developments and questions.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is
divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a
5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use
numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Find another number that is one short of a square number and when
you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?