Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Find another number that is one short of a square number and when you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?