This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it
doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime
numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all
numbers. What is it?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?