During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?