Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
What is happening at each box in these machines?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
After training hard, these two children have improved their
results. Can you work out the length or height of their first
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?