Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in
the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At
what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Unmultiply is a game of quick estimation. You need to find two numbers that multiply together to something close to the given target - fast! 10 levels with a high scores table.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him
next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which
route will give the fastest journey?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.