Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers
on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the
number line first?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it
doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the