Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.