Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was
Annie's secret number?
Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which
route will give the fastest journey?
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the
same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.