Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?