Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers
on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the
number line first?
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it
doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which
route will give the fastest journey?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime
numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all
numbers. What is it?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.