The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?