The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it
doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers
on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the
number line first?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
This activity focuses on doubling multiples of five.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
What is happening at each box in these machines?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which
numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a
quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of
this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how
long the race was from the information?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?