Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Unmultiply is a game of quick estimation. You need to find two numbers that multiply together to something close to the given target - fast! 10 levels with a high scores table.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.