Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one
solution in each case?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the
operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest
whole number you can make?
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him
next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties
involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows
children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Unmultiply is a game of quick estimation. You need to find two numbers that multiply together to something close to the given target - fast! 10 levels with a high scores table.
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which
route will give the fastest journey?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?