The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?