The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.