Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
The country Sixtania prints postage stamps with only three values 6 lucres, 10 lucres and 15 lucres (where the currency is in lucres).Which values cannot be made up with combinations of these postage. . . .
Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...
An account of some magic squares and their properties and and how to construct them for yourself.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?
The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.
Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.
There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .
Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
Use these four dominoes to make a square that has the same number of dots on each side.
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
Use the 'double-3 down' dominoes to make a square so that each side has eight dots.
Here is a chance to play a fractions version of the classic Countdown Game.
How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?