Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to. . . .

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page. Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number. Repeat. . . .

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?