This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?