If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals
of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the
Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not
using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in
whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?
This is an adding game for two players.
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are
four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can
you find all the ways of doing this?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the
triangle adds to the same total.
Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is
numerical, one geometric.
Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and
diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American
Flag magic square.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be
put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways
that this can be done?
Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner
numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns
numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make
141 414 turn around?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2
litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to
another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems.
Can you discover its value in each problem?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range
in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact
ages from the clues?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?
Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that
every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99
How many ways can you do it?
Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework.
After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do
this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?
Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the
sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square
of another, larger, number.
Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?
Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look
the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which
things could she give exactly the right amount for?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?
Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What
happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you
change the position of the jigsaws?
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number
system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a
look at the multiplications table.