Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.