If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?