Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .
Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?
How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?