Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number.
Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this
process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy
pyramid whose top number is 200.
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six
distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with
digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change
colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of
meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start
with 12. . . .
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the
strategy for winning this game with any target?
If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each
of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you
notice when you add opposite ends?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten
numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that
the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three
numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to. . . .
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page.
Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other
numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number.
Repeat. . . .
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Find the numbers in this sum
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .
There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all
the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting
all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .
Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.
You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre
jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine
into three equal quantities?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3
and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can
only use each digit once.
Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What
happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you
change the position of the jigsaws?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
This is an adding game for two players.
Can you be the first to complete a row of three?
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make
another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same