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#### Resources tagged with Addition & subtraction similar to Weekly Problem 52 - 2009:

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### The Patent Solution

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

### Chameleons

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

### Score

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

### As Easy as 1,2,3

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

### Pairs

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .

### Eleven

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.

### Tis Unique

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

### Hot Pursuit

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

### Card Trick 2

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you explain how this card trick works?

### Arrange the Digits

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

### Alphabet Soup

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

### Like Powers

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n$ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

### I'm Eight

##### Stage: 1, 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

### Number Tracks

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

### The 24 Game

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

### Digit Sum

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What is the sum of all the digits in all the integers from one to one million?

### Adding and Subtracting Positive and Negative Numbers

##### Stage: 2, 3 and 4

How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

### Napier's Bones

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

### Sam's Quick Sum

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?

### Magic Squares for Special Occasions

##### Stage: 3 and 4

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

### Fingers and Hands

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

### Largest Number

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

### Four Goodness Sake

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

### The Deca Tree

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

### The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

### Cows and Sheep

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

### Month Mania

##### Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level:

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

### Escape from the Castle

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

### Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for Two

##### Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.

### Got it Article

##### Stage: 2 and 3

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

### Make 37

##### Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

### Pyramids

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?

### Calendar Capers

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page. Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number. Repeat. . . .

### GOT IT Now

##### Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

### Cunning Card Trick

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

### Odds and Threes

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

### Rocco's Race

##### Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level:

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

### Number Pyramids

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

### Scoring with Dice

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

### Dividing a Cake

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

### Clock Face

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

### Back to School

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

### Oranges and Lemons

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

### Tug Harder!

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

### Buckets of Thinking

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

### Number Juggle

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

### Magic Squares 4x4

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

### Clever Keys

##### Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level:

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

### A Numbered Route

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?