Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?