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### Adding and Subtracting Positive and Negative Numbers

##### Stage: 2, 3 and 4

How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

### Tis Unique

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

### Score

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

### I'm Eight

##### Stage: 1, 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

### Magic Squares for Special Occasions

##### Stage: 3 and 4

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

### Chameleons

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

### Sea Level

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

The picture shows a lighthouse and many underwater creatures. If you know the markings on the lighthouse are 1m apart, can you work out the distances between some of the different creatures?

### Sept03 Sept03 Sept03

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

### Aba

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.

### Jugs of Wine

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

### Always the Same

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

### The Patent Solution

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?

### Like Powers

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n$ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

### Pyramids

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?

### Consecutive Negative Numbers

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

### Kids

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Find the numbers in this sum

### Hot Pursuit

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

### Cows and Sheep

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

### And So on and So On

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?

### Arrange the Digits

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

### Top-heavy Pyramids

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

### Super Value Shapes

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

### Making Sense of Positives and Negatives

##### Stage: 3

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

### Eleven

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.

### Crossed Ends

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

### Largest Number

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

### Sometimes We Lose Things

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

### Rod Measures

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

### Calendar Calculations

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

### Super Shapes

##### Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level:

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

### Throw a 100

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

### Buckets of Thinking

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

### Clocked

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

### Number Juggle

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

### Christmas Shopping

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which things could she give exactly the right amount for?

### Amy's Dominoes

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

### Rocco's Race

##### Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level:

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

### The Deca Tree

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

### Magic Triangle

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

### Dividing a Cake

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

### 1, 2, 3 Magic Square

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

### Four Goodness Sake

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

### Cubes Within Cubes

##### Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

### Brothers and Sisters

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

### Oranges and Lemons

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

### The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

### Reverse Trick

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

### One Wasn't Square

##### Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

### Next Number

##### Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level:

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...