Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.