Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten
numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number.
Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this
process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six
distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with
digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that
the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three
numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to. . . .
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
This is an adding game for two players.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page.
Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other
numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number.
Repeat. . . .
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy
pyramid whose top number is 200.
Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!
Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not
using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in
whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?
Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number
using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Find the numbers in this sum
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the
difference between the two numbers just below it.
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Can you be the first to complete a row of three?
If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each
of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?
This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.
If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals
of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the
This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.