Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Here is a chance to play a fractions version of the classic Countdown Game.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.