This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?