Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.