In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

In this problem you have to place four by four magic squares on the faces of a cube so that along each edge of the cube the numbers match.

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Max and Mandy put their number lines together to make a graph. How far had each of them moved along and up from 0 to get the counter to the place marked?

Find out why these matrices are magic. Can you work out how they were made? Can you make your own Magic Matrix?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Susie took cherries out of a bowl by following a certain pattern. How many cherries had there been in the bowl to start with if she was left with 14 single ones?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

These alphabet bricks are painted in a special way. A is on one brick, B on two bricks, and so on. How many bricks will be painted by the time they have got to other letters of the alphabet?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?