Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten
numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make
all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number.
Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this
process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you
notice when you add opposite ends?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the
strategy for winning this game with any target?
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six
distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with
digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the
dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of
three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that
the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three
numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to. . . .
Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page.
Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other
numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number.
Repeat. . . .
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy
pyramid whose top number is 200.
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not
using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in
whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals
of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the
An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which
labels would you put on each row and column?
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are
four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can
you find all the ways of doing this?
Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find
out how long they take.
Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.
Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins
to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which
things could she give exactly the right amount for?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems.
Can you discover its value in each problem?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?