Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten
numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Can you explain how this card trick works?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number.
Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this
process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy
pyramid whose top number is 200.
The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that
the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three
numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to. . . .
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page.
Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other
numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number.
Repeat. . . .
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six
distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with
digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
This is an adding game for two players.
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which
labels would you put on each row and column?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the
total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can
you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not
using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in
whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.
If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals
of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the
An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.
Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range
in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact
ages from the clues?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?