We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock
face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions
differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.
This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six
distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with
digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once.
Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1
... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order
to balance this equaliser?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
What are the missing numbers in the pyramids?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different
ways could you score 44?
Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears,
yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways
could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
This is an adding game for two players.
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is
numerical, one geometric.
Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99
How many ways can you do it?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both
sides once you've made the pieces?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The
clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall
of the prison block. How did he do it?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square
below so that each side adds to the same total.
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the
difference between the two numbers just below it.
How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?
Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number
using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?