On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

Arrange the numbers 1 to 6 in each set of circles below. The sum of each side of the triangle should equal the number in its centre.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Try grouping the dominoes in the ways described. Are there any left over each time? Can you explain why?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Leah and Tom each have a number line. Can you work out where their counters will land? What are the secret jumps they make with their counters?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

This activity is best done with a whole class or in a large group. Can you match the cards? What happens when you add pairs of the numbers together?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

In Sam and Jill's garden there are two sorts of ladybirds with 7 spots or 4 spots. What numbers of total spots can you make?

If you hang two weights on one side of this balance, in how many different ways can you hang three weights on the other side for it to be balanced?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.