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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

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Sort Them Out (2)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

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Pairs of Numbers

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

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Making Maths: Double-sided Magic Square

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

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Escape from the Castle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

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Shapes in a Grid

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

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How Many?

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This project challenges you to work out the number of cubes hidden under a cloth. What questions would you like to ask?

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The Brown Family

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

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Sort Them Out (1)

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

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Neighbours

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

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Got it Article

Stage: 2 and 3

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

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Making Longer, Making Shorter

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

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Exploring Number Patterns You Make

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

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Sometimes We Lose Things

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

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Follow the Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

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Numbers Numbers Everywhere!

Stage: 1 and 2

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

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Find the Difference

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

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Abundant Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

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Domino Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

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Routes 1 and 5

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

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Caterpillars

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

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Cycling Squares

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

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Cubes Within Cubes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

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Number Balance

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

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It Was 2010!

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?

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Which Symbol?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.

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One Million to Seven

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

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Fifteen Cards

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

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Ring a Ring of Numbers

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

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Birthday Cakes

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Jack's mum bought some candles to use on his birthday cakes and when his sister was born, she used them on her cakes too. Can you use the information to find out when Kate was born?

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One Big Triangle

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Make one big triangle so the numbers that touch on the small triangles add to 10. You could use the interactivity to help you.

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Number Squares

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

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A Dotty Problem

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

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Dodecamagic

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

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Street Sequences

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

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Balance of Halves

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate this balance which is marked in halves. If you had a weight on the left-hand 7, where could you hang two weights on the right to make it balance?

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Calendar Patterns

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

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Picture a Pyramid ...

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

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Homes

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

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First Connect Three for Two

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

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Magic Constants

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

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The Money Maze

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

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Function Machines

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

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Carrying Cards

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

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Clock Face

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

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Sheep Talk

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

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Twizzle's Journey

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

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Mobile Numbers

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

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Lengthy Journeys

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

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Oh! Harry!

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

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Fair Exchange

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?