During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

Jack's mum bought some candles to use on his birthday cakes and when his sister was born, she used them on her cakes too. Can you use the information to find out when Kate was born?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

On Planet Plex, there are only 6 hours in the day. Can you answer these questions about how Arog the Alien spends his day?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Use the number weights to find different ways of balancing the equaliser.

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

As you come down the ladders of the Tall Tower you collect useful spells. Which way should you go to collect the most spells?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?