In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

The picture shows a lighthouse and many underwater creatures. If you know the markings on the lighthouse are 1m apart, can you work out the distances between some of the different creatures?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

This project challenges you to work out the number of cubes hidden under a cloth. What questions would you like to ask?

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

Can you arrange fifteen dominoes so that all the touching domino pieces add to 6 and the ends join up? Can you make all the joins add to 7?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?