In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

This project challenges you to work out the number of cubes hidden under a cloth. What questions would you like to ask?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? Don't forget to keep visiting NRICH projects site for the latest developments and questions.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

The picture shows a lighthouse and many underwater creatures. If you know the markings on the lighthouse are 1m apart, can you work out the distances between some of the different creatures?

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

As you come down the ladders of the Tall Tower you collect useful spells. Which way should you go to collect the most spells?

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?